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Dominicaanse Republiek

Click for Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Forecast

 

General


The Dominican republic (officially: República Dominicana) are a republic in the Caribbean area, and lie on the Eastern part of the island Hispaniola (Spanish for `small Spain). The West side of Hispaniola is confiscated Haiti.
With approx. 48,500 km2 the Dominican republic covers approximately tweederde of the island Hispaniola, and is with that approximately a fiftieth larger than the Netherlands. Hispaniola are in sum 77,000 km2 large, and with that after Cuba the largest island of the Caribbean area.
In the north the island borders to the Atlantic ocean, in the south to the Caribbean sea. Between the Eastern puntje of the Dominican republic and Puerto Rico the Mona Passage lie.
The border between the Dominican republic and Haiti is 360 km long, the total length of the coast amounts to approx. 1500 km. The longest distance from north to south amounts to 240 km, of East to West 320 km.



Landscape


GENERAL
The landscape of the Dominican republic is very multi-purpose, of tropical rain forest by means of alpine mount regions to woestijnachtige dryness areas. Impressive gebergten run concerning the island and divide it in climatologically several areas.

Mount BACKs
Of North West to southeast run concerning the Dominican republic five nearly parallel mount backs: the Cordillera Septentrional, the Cordillera Central (also called: `Dominican Alpen), the Cordillera Oriental, the sierra Neiba and the sierra the Bahoruco.
The most important mount solid mass is the Cordillera Central, which the country splits up in and, a northern and Southern part. Here also the highest mounts lie, with the Pico Duarte as highest top with 3175 meters. The Pico Duarte are tevens the highest mount in the Caribbean region. A another high mount is the Loma drawer Rucilla (3045 m.). To the east the Cordillera Central move over in the coast plain of Santo Domingo. The gebergte connects in the west on the Massif du Nord in Haiti.
At north of the Cordillera Central the Cordillera Septentrional, middelgebergte lie (highest top: Loma Quita Espiela, 943 m.), which form a natural separation between the northern coast counterfoil and the hinterland.
The Cordillera Oriental lie in the east and are smallest of the three mount backs. It is more undulating and forms the separation between the Bahía the Samaná and the coast plain. It forms an important cover and is the source area for the largest rivers.
In the south west two smaller mount chains lie: the sierra the Bahoruco and the sierra Neiba. Far here from woestijnachtige the landscape lifts around the Lago Enriquillo.


FALL-VALLEIEN ONE
Between the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Septentrional very fertile Cibao-vallei lie or faded del Cibao, of which the southeastern part, the Vega Real, are the most important agriculture area of the country.
Faded the San Juan lie on the south side of the Cordillera Central and are much droger then faded del Cibao.
The provinces Independencia and Barahona become in East-western direction cutting through doorsneden by woestijnachtig slenkdal with salt lakes, among other things the famous Enriquillomeer, 42 km long, 12 km widely, 40 meters deep, and with that the largest binnenzee of the Caribbean area. The lake was initially a sea arm which the current peninsula separated Baoruco of the vasteland. It arose by alluvium of reel sand that the rivers from the sierra the Neiba and the sierra the Ocoa meevoerden. The lake lies therefore approx. 40 meters under sea level and are with that the lowest point in the Caribbean area. In the lake lying some small islands, among which Isla Cabritos.
The remarkable fact occurs that in the Dominican republic both highest (Pico Duarte) and the lowest point of the Caribbean area is himself.


RIVERS
The Rio Yaque del Norte, the largest river of the country (approx. 300 km) that partially navigable are, and the Rio Yuna flows by Cibao-vallei. The Rio Artibonité flows zuidwestwaarts to Haiti by faded the San Juan. The Rio Yaque del Sur and the Rio Ozama flows direction south and ensures the drainage in faded the San Juan.
In the Cueva the drawer Pequera (`fisherman cave) ontspringt the shortest river for the world. Already after a couple meter this riviertje end in in the sea. The cave lies in the national park loose Haïtises.


TO STRAND AND ISLANDS
The Dominican republic has the most and most beautiful strand of the Caribbean area, both along the Atlantic ocean and the Caribbean sea. But there are kilometerslange strand also small, by green and rocks surrounded strandjes. Some shining lain strand still hardly visited tourists become. According to the Dominicaners themselves counts the republic 43,330 strand and strandjes.

Also the small islands for the coast have frequently splendid strand. Of those islands its drawer some Matica, Isla Beata, Isla Catalina, Isla Saona, Cayo Levantado, an island in the bay of Samaná in the North east, and the cayos Siete Hermanos, a group of seven smaller islands.
Isla Catalina, koraaleiland for the coast at drawer Romana, have been protected up to area explained and component of the Parque Nacional del Este. For a large part of the island a rif runs. Also Isla Saona (117, km2 and approx. 1000 occupants) belong to the aforesaid national park.


DIVERSEN
The south west exists from large flat limestones plateau, in the north by the Cordillera Oriental mainly limited and in the North east by the swampy area of loose Haitises. Because of kalkachtige the ondergrond here a lot of underground rivers and caves have formed themselves. The most beautiful cave schemes are themselves at drawer Romana and in the Parque Nacional del Este.

The south west of the Dominican republic is an area with large contrasts of the landscape and is dominated by the sierra del Neiba, who reaches altitudes of 2000 meters. The peninsula Pedernales has a shrub vegetation, whereas just as verderop strand lie under diepgroene vegetation, the so-called `Smaragdkust.
The sand dunes and salt pans of mow Salinas form a particular setting for there frequently practised the water sport.

Unique is the Laguna Grí-Grí to the North coast, a lagoon which is surrounded mangroves. Particularly are a karst cave, a koraalrif and a bat cave full stalagmieten and at.

The Dominican republic counts a lot of water falls: approx. 10 km Constanza lain water fall Aguas Blancas pay themselves 83 meters in the depth. The water fall `Cascade del Limón on the peninsula Samaná has been declared in 1998, national monument.


Particularly the mogotes are on the peninsula Samaná. Mogotes are detached stone shoes up to 200 meters high. They have arisen from large kalksteenplateau that in the course of millions years has this way worn down, which are only the mogotes continue stand. Thus their foreigner form the mogotes , rather steep slopes has got, to the upper part generally flatter and thicker.
Climate
The Dominican republic has a tropical climate, which is only tempered to the North coast passaatwinden. As a result of the noordoostpassaat the most of rain in the east and the central mount country falls, and then especially in the months of May, august, September and October. The driest and `coldest months are January and February. In the east falls annually average approx. 1350 mm, in the west it much droger with less than 500 mm per year is. If there rain falls, happens that generally in the form of short, violent buien at the beginning of the evening. The area of loose Haitises in the North east is very wet. There falls gemidddeld approx. 2000 mm per year.
The average temperature for the whole Dominican republic lies around the 25°C. Toch large differences, particularly in the mountainous areas come. Thus the temperature amounts to at Constanza in the Cordillera Central average approximately 16°C. By day mercury runs everywhere easy to above the 30°C; in the deep south west a desert climate even dominates. In general one can state that the temperatures in the several seasons do not diverge far, there is more difference between the days and night temperature and between layer country and hoogland.

The water temperature in the Dominican wateren varies of 26 to 30°C. A another characteristic of the climate is the high air humidity, generally around 70% and if the sun goes up rising up to 90%. The Dominican republic is a real sun destination with average 255 zonnige summons per year.
The enriquillo enriquillo-slenk is with temperatures to 40°C the warmest area of the country. Coldest it is in the mounts, there to below the vriespunt and fall there sometimes vlokje snow can the temperature in January decrease.

The most of hurricanes draw august up to October in the months along the Dominican republic. The country the previous decades several keren have been found by hurricanes: David (1979), Gilbert (1988), Hugo (1989), delouse (1995), George (1998: approx. 300 deads, 250,000 daklozen and 1 billion dollar damage to agriculture and infrastructure) and Lenny (1999).

Temperature

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Air /dag (ºC)

28

28

29

29

30

30

31

31

31

31

30

29

Ventilate/night (º C)

20

19

20

21

22

23

23

23

23

23

22

21

Water (º C)

27

26

26

27

27

27

28

28

28

28

27

27

Plants and animals
To plant


The vegetation on the island strongly varies by the large unevennesses and divergent climate areas. The Dominican republic counts approx. 5600 plant varieties (among other things. 600 at and 350 types orchids), of which there approx. 1800 only on this island occur. In the Parque Nacional sierra the Baoruco one 166 different types orchids have so far counted, almost half of all orchids which the country grows. Of it is there 32 endemic, this means that them only prevented in this specific park.
The mount regions carry still a dense oerwoud, whereas on lower lain share savanna a vegetation (grass and low dry shrubs) predominated. By mattering toedoen of people its own characteristic vegetation has changed much.
The Arowakken of the South American vasteland capes existing vegetation and planted among other things maïs, tobacco and cassave. The Europeans capes at those not lucrative enough were, and tevens agriculture and make my construction possible.
Plants also all kinds of and flowers were obtained to Hispaniola, such as sugar sheer, banana, coconut and citrus fruits. Also sierplanten such as casuarina, clove tree and jacaranda were introduced by the colonists. A domestic tree which has remained, is the kapok tree or `ceiba.
Only in higher lain order original vegetation has remained mainly intact. Particularly the Cordillera Central are flowers and plant paradise with dozens of type orchids, and further begonia, lobelia, bromelia, tulpenboom, koraalboom and flamboyant.
There 300 types prevent palms in the Dominican republic, of which the king palm and the cacheopalm are particular. From the last type a sweet wine, `mabi, is won, of the king palm all parts are exploited by the population. It is striking also the dwarf palms `cana and `yarey.
In the dry south and south west doornstruiken, Acacia grow, sisal plants and 45 types cactus, of which 15 endemically.

To protect nature the Dominican republic counts meanwhile 14 national parks and 7 natuurreservaten.
In the Cordillera Central the Reserva Natural del Ébano Verde lie. Particular of this reservaat is the three types of vegetation: ebbenhoutbos, nevelpalmenwoud and a mount palm bunch. In these three bunches grow 600 types plant of which one prevent third exclusively on Hispaniola.



Animals


MAMMALS
Large mammals do not prevention on the island, except gedomesticeerde animals such as horses, cows, ewes and varkens.
The animal world knows some remarkable types, such as a large insectivore such as the Solenodon and a rodent such as the hoetia or `jutía.
To the mammals belong also 18 domestic at, of which only feed themselves there with fish from the sea.


REPTIELEN AND AMPHIBIANS
Reptielen and amphibians they there in abundance, with the impressive peak hours muzzle crocodile (up to 6 meters long) as most remarkable animal. This animal is see especially at the Lago Enriquillo on the Isla Cabritos, the Laguna Gri-Gri and in national park Monte Cristi.
The iguanas, which live especially in the drier areas, are possible as much as two meters long become. Domestic are the rhinoceros iguana, the head iguana and the ring cake iguana.
Lizards and frogs is find there in abundance in the Dominican republic, the largest snake is the caterpillar hose hispaniola, which becomes however not larger than 1 meter. In sum 20 types snakes do not come, all toxic.
Prevent the karetschildpad and the soup tortoise most to to strand of the Dominican republic, particularly at Pedernales, on Isla Saona and at Monte Cristi. Also the lederschildpad and the unauthentic karetschildpad their eggs lay on strand.


TO FISH
Koraalriffen plane, and here live types such as parrot fish, doctor fish, angel fish, stone fish, doctor fish, cog perches, snappers, tarpons , sea needles, murenen, roggen, sea zee-egels, sea cucumbers, octopuses, krabben , lobsters and sea ASTRE for the most of sand tears lie. Verderop in the sea swim among other things. manta-roggen, swordfish, tuna, dolphins and the onschuldige spotted dogfish.
Boca Chica stand in the month of April dominated by an international fish tournament. There on the blue marlin, the largest marlin type it is then fished, with a length up to 460 cm and a weight of more than 400 kilogrammes.

The Dominican republic a Caribbean island has been called with Haiti, also Hispanjola.
The island has been strewn with palm trees and white strand, especially the peninsula Samana.
The mix of sociable environment, cuba libre, it and merengue turns it into a very well holiday harbour. The accommodations are themselves generally on large ressorts with all-inclusive the formula. The temperature is almost the year complete by 30 ºC, and the sea temperature is 28 ºC. In January till March can see you sometimes whales.

Samana

August 2000

Jammed in between the Atlantic ocean in the north and the bahia the Samana in the south form the green peninsula Samana the northeast point of the Dominican republic. Mass tourism has not yet discovered this fraaie bit natuurschoon. Especially the one which choose for a quiet range holiday and a fraai hinterland do an excellent choice with samana. Ell Portillo read Terrenas lies to with fraaie palmenstranden North coast blessed of the peninsula. Here you can see also the whales. Unfortunately I them has not seen.

We stayed in hotel ell Portillo. Three ASTRE resort where well staying was. Co-ordination team was really too crazy. Eating was best well but not super.

Disadvantage of this spot is, which you as from the fly field approximately still 4 hours in busje must travel concerning bad ways to come at the hotel.

Visited dive spots:

Piedra Marcel
Maximum depth 12 meters.

Plaza Helena
Maximum depth 16 meters.

Dolphin Maximum depth 27 meters.
The Dolphin are a wreck and lie on 27 meters. The water temperature was 25 degrees and with my 3 mm do shorty well.

Piedra the drawer Vieja
Maximum depth 19 meters.

What very spectacular must be is Cabo Cabron. This is a wall of 30 meters. Scratch large fishing and much spider. I have not made this dive unfortunately.

Boat of the dive basis


Juan Dolio

September/October 2001

Te the south coast of the Dominican Republic is very good for diving. Especially in the buurt of Boca Chica. Boca Chica are small fishermen plaatsje with to the coast many hotels and dive schools.

Also Boca Chica lie dense at the capital Santo Domingo.
Most beautiful dive on the Dominican republic do you in Sosua. Here are themselves dive schools a lot of. Some dive schools are:

Northern Coast several (American dive basis)
Eurodive (good professional Dutch dive school).
The Netherlands dive school (small and not terrible professionally).

All its bootduiken dive. Generally you go with a group of 6 up to 8 man. I have dove in Samana and Juan Dolio ( lies beside Boca Chica).
I have good experiences with Neptuno (PADI 5 star dive basis ).
European instructors, good briefing, dive material not parent then 1 year etc. Also it was skilful that you could let yourself spullen on the dive basis be hung.

 

Costs v/h dive

 

 

 

1 dive

$ 31,-

3 dive

$ 89,-

6 dive

$ 169,-

10 dive

$ 275,-

 

 

night dive is extra $ 20, -

 

Complete equipment $ 12, -

 

 

Visited dive spots:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rock beauty (2x)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximale diepte 34 meter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Melia point

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 17 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catalina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 36 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catalina are an uninhabited island. It is approximately 30 minutes varen with the boat

 

We were brought to the port of drawer Romana and vandar skirt the boat

 

 

The range is miraculous beautiful. You can snorkel there well. During diving

 

you see large sponzen, black koraal and large varens. Fish I see that being always purple surgeon fish

Also almost always to see you, however, solitary baracuda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquarium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 13 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 27 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tunnel reefs (3x)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 22 meters. This rif seems be a very old ship which is for a long time suffered

sunk and when it is beaten on the head. This ship is now entirely covers with koraal. One weet

nearly certain that this is a ship. Er heeft ooit iemand eens door een gat in de bodem van het zand

something seen what on at of a boat seemed. This is what is told, what there of where is

weet I not.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loose Coquitos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 16 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Punta Garza-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 20 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandy Point

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum depth 18 meters

 

 

 

 

 

 


The onderwater life are very varied. Barracudas and roggen to see you as lot of. Also the snorkelling arse under our can pick up their hard in the Dominican republic. The visibility varied from 15 meters up to 30 meters. Water temperature was 28ºC. Stroming was very mild.

Lock conclusion: the Dominican republic is but not super certainly worth it in comparison with Egypt.


Addresses:
- Samana: Samana Scuba Dive Center hotel ell Portillo, www.portillo-resort.com/scuba/
- Juan Dolio: Neptuno Dive Center, www.neptunodive.com/
- Other addresses: www.virtualvoyages.com/carib/dom_rep/dr_dive.htm

Punta Cana

April 2004

Punta Cana are one of the most known bathing resorts in the east of the Dominican republic and are located to a long, extended coast counterfoil in an untouched area. Although the place does not have a real centre be themselves winkeltjes and kraampjes in the shopping centres a lot of where you can leuke buy souvenirs. Furthermore of the bathing resort is set the scene by lively coloured houten maisonnettes and simple restaurantjes, barretjes and a number of salsabars. Moreover belong strand of Punta Cana without doubt to most beautiful of the Caribbean area. The most of hotels are thus to these long, hagelwitte strand situated. Here you can relax yourself in abundance and your holiday to enjoy. The hotels have been all largely set up, provide with a lot of facilities and built in sfeervolle Caribbean style. In the hotels you a lot of will find and frequently very looked after restaurants. In the evening Punta Cana are rather quiet, hence that you for vertier on your hotel are designated. In the hotels are thus frequently a discotheque, casino or an amusement hall present. The professional co-ordination teams present in every hotel ensure regularly vast (sport) activities and entertainmentprogramma. Also there are a lot of possibilities for water sports at the hotels, such as dive, snorkel, kajakken and sails go windsurfing there and are possibilities for paardrijden, parasailing and tennis. There approximately each 20 minutes a local bus drives past all hotels and drives buses and snelbussen there to Hingüey. Also drive there in abundance. Agree in advance a price.

We sat in the Iberostar Bavaro 4 ½ * resort. This resort work with all-inclusive the formula what to a lazy dive holiday for me belongs. All-iclusive are: 24 hours per day with and drink, kajakken, sails, range beds with parasols, go windsurfing, bath Laeken, aerobic, fitness, tennis, snorkel, introduction dive in the swimming pool, Spanish lesson, merenque dancing lessons etc.

The dresser in the restaurant is very vast and of super quality. Generally have I on holiday, however, one or two days flatulence what bumps on, but now not. All eating was cooled displayed and/or covered with folie. Eating what stood too long was taken away.

Op het complex bevindt zich Dressel Divers Club, een PADI/SSI duikbasis.
There are no kantduiken. Therefore everything go with the boat. There are 15 dive sites compared with the hotel.

Dive its rather expensive on Punta Cana. Or you must take a parcel, then you can for € 27, - one dive makes (excl. equipment). Can dive you also give someone a bad press for e.g. an excursion to Catalina, Catalinita or Saona. Therefore the excursion is $ 78, - then they 2 line duck away of your parcel and once more 2 dive for diving. The advantage is that you then for the excursion but € 54, - paid.

The boats were in the beginning very small and smal where you could stable the bottle in the middle of the boat. Because of this you had to almost no space your attract equipment. Halfway the Second yielded the boats were replaced for larger and broader boats. These better for diving had been arranged.

Dive its for 09.00 and 14.00. You get kratje with in this the required equipment or you hang you private equipment himself gone in for that the available space at Dressel. On the kratje a number stands therefore if you will dive have them your kratje already ready are put. Prepare equipment starts for 08.30 and 13.30.

The everyone checks the dive LEADER equipment at. You are treated as if you the cursus follows open water. This see you during preparing your spullen, the briefing and diving. For which little experience has it is skilfully a bit get recurrence and for the gevorderden the false ballast and a bit incomprehension are and trust. But well there you must but just as doorheen punctures. For me it was, however, cumbersome because they sat constantly to my spullen. Bottle does not open with Suunto Vytec with sender for example is this way skilful such as I am not because then he simply an hour in jamming falls. The spullen of me check and then know what is airlock and then me points out that I have adjusted the oar of the bottle too slack. During the briefing some dive LEADERs who if they ask you ventilates himself stock tell, no stomme hand indicators to make but simply your pressure gauge to show, then thinks I as you no hand indicators understands as a dive LEADER reads on then still just as the chapter in the water book or makes them still even clear during the briefing.

Dive were all shallow (maximum 14 meters). Therefore arranged for those with high an air usage extremely. Dive approximately 45/50 minutes lasted. The maximum vaartijd was 25 minutes, but generally zat you no longer then 10 minutes in the boat. Staff exists from instructors of concerning the complete world: France, United Kingdom, Bolivia, Spain, Columbia. The English instructor with the name Jon I have not dove because its macho quality was me just as what was too high, happy the other instructors super nice, ah this way has you everywhere, however, SOB.

The dive spots was all shallow because the deeper dive spots were minimum there 40 minutes varen and were see nothing. What sometimes, however, unpleasant was, was that the sea was there from time to time best rough, high golves. During one tripje a time a golf concerning the complete boat has been even beaten. I did not ask still if that was also at the price included or that you had pay for that extra, the joke started terrible. Everyone was unhurt, except the dive LEADER lay behind with its legs omhoog in the boat, for our of course hilarisch a face. Fortunately also he had not hurt himself . What sometimes also unpleasant was, was the swell under water. You every time one and a half meter was to the back drawn forward and. This was not every time this way. De huur uitrusting was redelijk. Generally Dressel several a good dive basis is, with here and there a critical note of my side but yes that is my honest opinion. What I heal important find the security is and that was at Dressel well for each other.

Dive derisions were do nicely and well. There were two wrecks and the rest existed from rocks with sand, tunnels and here and there what koraal. For the progressed plunger there were the dive spots: Catalina, Saona and Catalinita.

Water temperature was: 26/27 degrees
Air temperature was: 29/30 degrees
Package: 3 mm
Bottle: 12 litres aluminium

Rondana (2×)
Depth: 13 meters
visibility 15 meters

Many tunnels and very narrow with much swell.

Caverns reef (2×)
Depth: 10 meters
visibility 25 meters

Many rocks with tunnels where you can swim nicely doorheen. Very large trunk fish and somewhere lies still a tyre.

Coco Loco (2×)
Depth: 14 meters
visibility 25 meters

Fish: trumpet fish, perch, surgeonfish, trunk fish and goatfish

Armstrong Wreck
Depth: 12 meters
visibility 20 meters

This wreck has sunk in 1979. It was a cargo liner. The ship is himself still partial above water. Around the ship large schools fish are.

    

Catalina Wall
Depth: 24 meters
visibility 25 meters

My favoriete dive place. Here have you really everything what can you see but onderwater.

fish: Jamaican and southern stingrays, crayfish, murenes nurse shark etc.

  

Ell Peñon
Depth: 12 meters
visibility 20 meters

fish: murenes, trunk fish, trumpet fish, several types papagaaivissen, much small roggen, stargazers.

 

Monica's Wreck
Depth: 12 meters
visibility 25 meters

Concerning this wreck is possible me nobody to what clarity to provide. Only that it lies there already complete long. The cargo was a party spoorbielsen. Of the ship himself is a little more concerning.

Edwards reef (2×)
Depth: 13 meters
visibility 10 meters

Ell Niño (2×)
Depth: 6 meters
visibility 10/15 meters

To this spot it is frequently swerved if the visibility is bad. Very shallow and much small fish.

       

         

           Dotted flatworm